Emotional Development in Adolescents
Emotional development in adolescence is marked by emotional instability and tumultuous times. At this time the mood could change very quickly. Emotional changes are closely related to the maturity of hormones that occur in adolescents. Emotional stress arising from physical changes that occur rapidly and widely during puberty.
Adolescents assigned achieve emotional independence from parents and other adults. This can make a teenager against the will or opinion contrary to his parents. With a typical teen full of turmoil and emotional, conflicts of opinion often makes teenagers become rebellious at home. If this problem is not resolved, especially parents are authoritarian, teens tend to find a solution outside the home, that is by joining with peers the same boat. Often this is because teenagers are facing is the same age who have a problem more or less the same and both have not succeeded in doing the same task of development, could be a solution that offered less wise. The presence of these emotional problems vary in each adolescent.
Adolescence emotional patterns similar to patterns of childhood emotions. The kind that normally experienced are: love or affection, joy, anger, fear, sadness and others again. The difference lies in the kinds and degrees of stimulation that evokes emotions and especially the pattern of control by individuals against their emotional expression.
Biehler (1972) divides emotional characteristics of adolescents into two age ranges, the age of 12-15 years and 15-18 years of age.
Emotional characteristics of the age of 12-15 years
- Tend to many gloomy, unguessable
- Behave rude to cover up deficiencies in terms of confidence
- Anger is common
- Tends to be tolerant of others and want to always win their own
- Start observing parents and their teachers objectively
Emotional characteristics of adolescents aged 15-18 years
- “Rebellion” teenager is the universal expression of the change from childhood to adulthood
- Many adolescents in conflict with their parents
- Often, daydreaming, thinking about their future
Learning activities also support the development of emotion. Learning methods that support the emotional development, among others, namely:
Learn by trial and error. Children learn by trial and error to express emotion in the form of behavior that gives the greatest satisfaction to him and reject behaviors that provide little satisfaction or no satisfaction.
Learn by imitating. By way of observing things that stir the emotions of others. Children react with emotion and expression method similar to those observed.
Learning to liken himself. Children identify herself with people who are admired and have a strong emotional bond with him. That is imitating other people’s emotional reactions moved by the same stimuli.
Learning through conditioning. With this method the object of a situation that initially failed to provoke an emotional reaction, can then be managed by way of association. increasingly limited the use of conditioning methods on the development of a sense of likes and dislikes, after passing through childhood.
Training or studying under the guidance and supervision With training, children are stimulated to react to stimuli that usually evoke pleasant emotions and prevented so as not to react emotionally unpleasant.
Reference: from several sources
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