Counselling Client Centred Approach
Rogers is the man in the view are positive. He believed that humans have the urge to always move forward, struggling to function, cooperative, constructive andhave a good at the deepest core without the need to control aggressive impulses.Human resources implications of this philosophy into practice client centeredtherapy where the therapist puts the responsibility on the therapeutic process the client, not the therapist who has authority. Client is positioned to have the ability to make decisions.
Client-centered counseling approach emphasizes the client’s ability to determine the issues that are important to him and his problem solving. The underlyingconcept is related to the concepts of self, self-actualization, personality theory,and the nature of anxiety. According to Roger’s core concept of client-centeredcounseling is the concept of self and become self-concept or self-realizationgrowth.
Client-centered therapy is one alternative technique in the practice of social work,especially for therapists who are not so well mastered some of the theory andpractice of social work, although not without challenges and specific expertise.Some of the theories and practices that are the basis of work remains to be an absolute necessity in this therapeutic technique. This paper will attempt to explain the historical background of client centered therapy, some basic assumptions,principles, goals and techniques as well as the process of client centered therapy.
Historical Background of Client Centered Therapy
- Client Centered Therapy was pioneered by Carl R. Rogers as a reaction to what he called the fundamental limitations of psychoanalysis
- Client Centered approach essentially is a special branch of Humanistic therapy which highlights the following actions have clients subjective and phenomenal world;
Some Basic Assumptions Client Centered Therapy
- Individuals have the capacity to guide, organize, direct, and control himself when he is given certain conditions that support.
- Individuals have the potential to understand what is happening in his life associated with stress and anxiety he felt.
- Individuals have the potential to rearrange themselves in such a way that is not only to relieve stress and anxiety he felt, but also to provide for ourselves and achieve happiness.
Principles in Client Centered Therapy
- We behave according to our perception of reality. In this regard, to understand the client’s problem, then we need to really understand how he perceive.
- We are motivated by the primary impetus in the form of inborn urge to express themselves. Automatically individual will develop its potential in conditions that favor. These conditions can be created in the therapy and, therefore, must be non-directive therapist.
- Individuals have a basic need for love and acceptance. In therapy, this translates as a need to focus on the relationship (between therapist and client-red) and communicating empathy, respect, and sincerity of the therapist.
- The concept relies on individual self-acceptance and respect he receives from others. Client’s self-concept can he change if he has a positive appreciation of unconditional (unconditional positive regard) in therapeutic.
According to the views of Rogers
Client centered – centered counseling model developed by Carl R. personal Rogers. As an approximation of science is a branch of psychology that emphasizes humanistic phenomenological models. Person-centered counseling was originally developed in the 1940′s as a reaction to the psychoanalytic counseling. Originally known as the model of non-directive, then converted into a client-centered.
Carl R. Rogers developed client-centered therapy as a reaction to what he calls the fundamental limitations of psychoanalysis. The therapist serves primarily as a support for personal growth by helping in finding the ability to solve problems. Client centered approach is to put so much faith in one’s ability to follow the path and find her own therapy.
Characteristics of Client Centered Approach
- Client may be responsible, have the ability to solve problems and choose behaviors that are considered inappropriate for him.
- Emphasize the phenomenal world client. With empathy and understanding of the client, the therapist focuses on self-perception of the client and the client’s perception of the world.
- Principles of psychotherapy based on the desire of human psychological maturity is rooted in humans themselves. So it is constructive psychotherapy psychotherapy in which the impact occurs due to a relationship counselor and client. Because this can not be done alone (client).
- Therapeutic effectiveness is based on the properties of sincerity, warmth, acceptance of non-possessive and accurate empathy.
- This approach is not a dogma or a set of techniques. But rooted in a set of attitudes and beliefs which in the process of therapy, the therapist and client to show his humanity and participation in the growth experience.
Purpose of therapeutic approaches
There are several objectives Client Centered therapy approach is as follows:
- Openness to Experience
As opposed to survival, implies openness to experience are becoming more aware of the fact as the fact it comes out of him.
- Self-confidence in the Organism
One goal of therapy is to assist clients in building self-confidence. With the increasing openness of the client’s own experiences, beliefs kilen himself was halted arise.
- Place of Internal Evaluation
Internal evaluation of the place is associated with self-confidence, which means more to find the answers to yourself for the problems exist. People are increasingly paying attention to the center of his personality to seek approval for the outside. He replaced the universal consent of another person with the consent of her own. He set standards of behavior and look into his own in making decisions and choices for his life.
- Willingness to become one process.
The concept of self in the process of becoming one is the opposite of self-concept as a product. Although the client may seek therapy for a type of formula to build a successful and happy state, but they became aware that growth is a continuous process. Clients in therapy are in the process of testing the perceptions and beliefs-beliefs and open themselves up to new experiences, even some revision.
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